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Laparoscopy of the abdomen

Undoubtedly, laparoscopy (abdominal, inguinal hernia or hip, laparoscopic abdominal adhesions removal etc.) led to a genuine revolution in terms of surgery. It disappeared the need for surgical opening jam the abdominal muscles in order to carry out simple treatments, such as for example. the removal of appendicitis or removing adhesions abdominal, inguinal hernias and femoral. So it looks like laparoscopy of the abdomen?

Laparoscopy-what is it?

To begin with, how exactly it looks like surgery, laparoscopy. Used to it – as the name suggests – a laparoscope, or device shape resembling a tube equipped with a telescope, a small camera and a light source. Purpose of a laparoscope is the possibility of imaging, and then-with extra using trokaru or insuflatora-to carry out the procedure on the data the tissues or organs.

Laparoskopię performs for observation and evaluation of macroscopical liver, gallbladder, spleen, diaphragm, genital or other organs in the abdomen. Using a laparoscope, you can break up the deposits, take a biopsy, remove some organs or to carry out treatments on my stomach.

Indications for the implementation of the laparoscopy

On the laparoskopię of the abdomen, doctors decide especially in case of suspicion:

  • liver diseases,
  • ascites,
  • inflammation of the abdomen,
  • diseases of the spleen,
  • adhesions in the peritoneal cavity,
  • cancer of the stomach.

Laparoscope can also be used to perform a gynecological treatments or cut the gallbladder, tumors: adrenal, colon, rectum, abdominal hernia, the cyst: ovarian, prostate, liver, kidney or the removal of the Appendix. In addition, gives you the ability to control gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Recommendations to undergo it

Before abdominal laparoscopy treatment will, inguinal hernia or femoral, abdominal adhesions removed laparoskopowego or appendicitis or laser remove the folds of okołoodbytniczej, it is necessary to check the patient's blood group and level of the clotting, serum protein levels, the electrolytes, liver attempts, as well as additional study.

The day before the scheduled surgery it is necessary to go on a light diet, taking into account the easily digestible meals – preferably smooth. For a couple of hours before the laparoscopy patients take 1 l of fluids of a krwiozastępczym.

Sometimes you may need to shaving the skin at the place where the cut will be performed.

Each treatment is performed with General anesthesia. Among other things, because it belongs to the type of labor-saving treatments – in contrast to the standard operation. Small incision gives faster wound healing post operative, which connects with a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery period. In addition, minimizes any risk of complications.

Test-run

If the diagnostic laparoskopię is carried out, it is possible to give the patient anesthesia General or local. Then the patient is put on the back. To proceed to the treatment, it is necessary to establish a space for observation. To this end, the abdomen is admitted a special kind of needle-denied-that allows pumping into the Interior of the gas. Usually the doctors decide to introduce 3-5 liters of carbon dioxide. His goal is separation of organs, so as to avoid the risk of infringement. When gas will be allowed into the abdominal cavity, trocar cut to the abdomen at the height of the navel. Tokar is made of metal pipe, through which passes the laparoscope. Thanks to this we gain the possibility of localized on the outer side of the tools of the cannula. Only after the introduction of her to the peritoneum, you can enter a laparoscope. After testing, the doctor carefully pulls out all the tools and then evacuated gas. Although the description sounds a little complicated, but this whole study usually lasts more than a few tens of minutes. After laparoscopy the patient should spend the night in the hospital, during which do not take food and fluids.

Test results can be obtained about two weeks after their completion, however, already during the laparoscopy doctor is able to carry out an initial diagnosis. The waiting time depends on the complexity of research (e.g.. a biopsy or histopathological smears or liquids).

The complications of

The most common side effect after laparoscopic trials is feeling pain around incision. In this case, it relieves the analgesics. In individual cases, this may lead to bleeding or infection, and very rarely – to underlying complications in the form of damage to the bowel, bladder or blood vessels, odm skin, Mediastinal, opłucnowych, air źółciowych peritoneal inflammation, congestion and others. In this situation, you should immediately seek medical attention.

Contraindications

In some people, however, is not an indication of surgery laparoskopowego. Usually they relate to:

  • cardiopulmonary failure,
  • severe forms of asthma,
  • chronic bronchial inflammation,
  • past attacks,
  • pregnancies,
  • old age.

In such cases, when abdominal laparoscopy is not a good solution, the doctor chooses a different – an alternative method of treatment.

Laser removal of folds okołoodbytniczej

The folds of perianal skin extracts, which protrude outside the anus. They can cause infections or bleeding, which is why doctors decide to remove them. In such cases, when patients suffer from the discomfort, doctors recommend laser remove the folds of okołoodbytniczej. Though, by opting for the laser removal of folds of okołoodbytniczej, you must reckon with the necessity of a thorough wound care, patients under grant, that the alternative is they better worn.

Consult with a medical professional, who will perform a laparoscopic removal of abdominal adhesions, okołoodbytniczych folds and other treatments with the use of a laparoscope.

Laparoscopic removal of appendicitis

Because there is no need to open the abdomen, this treatment is much less painful and safer for the patient, however, is a little more time-consuming. Despite this, the body quickly returns to normal operation and completely regenerates. Laparoscopy also reduces the risk of possible post-operative complications.

It is also possible to laparoskopowego remove abdominal adhesions. A specific tissue, which are formed as a result of operations carried out in chronic inflammatory States. Using a laparoscope, is without prejudice to other organs, but only precisely removes the resulting from the merger. That is why doctors are so eager to perform laparoscopic removal of abdominal adhesions or appendicitis. Read more …

Laparoscopy or inguinal hernia femoral

Giving in to treatment laparoskopowego removal of inguinal hernias inguinal or femoral, you feel after the procedure much less pain than traditional surgical procedures. In addition, it was noted that patients who performed laparoscopic, significantly faster return to activity. Same laparoscope is used to perform a small incision, after which your doctor may enter a special grid. Read more …

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