Diagnosis and treatment of inflammation of the colon and colon ulcerative thin

Now it is said that even 1/3 of mankind can cure the inflammation of the colon and a thin, also called irritable bowel syndrome. This disease affects the inhabitants of highly developed countries and poorer. So there is no rule that would indicate a higher rate of morbidity attributed to specific demographics.

While the risk of developing can determine sex, since among the sick until 3/4 are women. The same agents, however, were not officially confirmed. Speculates but essentially gut motility disorders, effects of improper diet or psychosocial factors. It was also found that people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome have, in accordance with the name of the disease-more sensitive and lively of the intestine, which are shrinking as a result of even the slightest stimulation.

The impact on the severity of symptoms has in turn the psyche of man. Stress causes, in fact, worsening, and even the same instance of inflammation of the colon and small bowel, ulcerative colitis and irritable bowel syndrome, which are needed for diagnosis and treatment. This leads to depression and deterioration of general well-being, resulting in the subsequent symptoms. One can therefore conclude that stress causes a vicious disease nerves causing pain, which leads to even more nervousness.

Other causes, such as: a bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract, antybiotykoterapie, diet rich in fats, caffeine and alcohol or simply overeating-not have been confirmed as those that can cause an inflammation of the colon and thin.

Symptoms of

The most bothersome symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are usually intense abdominal pain, problems with defekacją and change of bowel habit. Patients may also see mucus in stool or complain of bloating. These symptoms typically occur differently, periodically increasing. Therefore it is worth to pay attention to:

    • Abdominal pain

This characteristic inflammation occurs at different times and with varying degrees of seriousness. Can accept the nature of chronic or recurrent. Every patient feels the pain individually – in some is blunt pobolewanie, combined with attacks by, while others feel only a little discomfort. Most often the pain is located in the left bottom of the lap, however, this may change. Usually comes by us after a meal, and rescue brings – simply – defecation.

    • Flatulence

The most troublesome during the day, they are accompanied by more frequent than usual wind. Discomfort may increase to the point that we will feel uncomfortable in clothes that we wear. Sometimes, the gases are mixed with proved in my stomach.

    • Defecation

normal rhythm of bowel movements is assumed from 3 times a day to the same figures for a week, then you should not observe the strong contractions, pain or traces of blood or mucus in the stool. Irritable bowel syndrome is experiencing diarrhea, constipation, and even some and others – especially immediately after a meal. Patients may be accompanied by a sense of inaccurate bowel movement or a continuous need to defecate. Importantly, the frequency of bowel movements can increase during menstruation or any abdominal pain.

    • Other

In addition to the characteristic symptoms associated with bowel problems, patients may complain of constant drowsiness, back pain, headaches, tightness of the bladder, an unpleasant taste in the mouth, and even sickness if abnormal periods.

It is worth noting that the above symptoms subside during sleep, and the sick-in spite of chronic inflammatory conditions-do not lose weight.

Because the disease hampers the normal functioning of the disadvantaged persons with inflammatory bowel or thin isolate from society, from travel or public viewing.

Before we start treatment

Associated symptoms of inflammatory diseases of the colon and thin may also Herald other diseases. The most dangerous of these are cancer of the intestine, so it is important to place the correct diagnosis, that exclude other disorders.

For the record, the most characteristic symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome:

  • abdominal pain,
  • diarrhea,
  • constipation,
  • feeling of incomplete bowel movement,
  • bloating,
  • heartburn,
  • nausea,
  • mucus or blood in the stool,
  • bouncing back.

After diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome should be monitored for the presence of other symptoms. Fever, hemorrhages, weight loss, night pain or general malaise should be immediately consult with a doctor.

Irritable bowel syndrome-diagnosis and treatment

First the doctor interviews. Then proceeds to the study of physical, and sometimes-extra. Typically, the treatment does not require consultation with gastrologiem, and diagnosis is issued by a general practitioner.

Since the unknown are the causes of irritable bowel syndrome, it is the treatment of the disease itself, and only its effects. The best option is to complete relief of symptoms, so it's important that ill he learned all about the disease. Comprehensive interview allows often identify the factors that most probably contributed to the onset of symptoms. Based on this information, you can determine what to change. conditions at home or at work. If patients are struggling with depression or neurosis, it will be necessary to consult a psychologist. The doctor may order also pharmacological treatment, recommending preparations antybiegunkowe or antyzaparciowe, and when painful attacks-antispasmodics and painkillers.

You can also go to a nutritionist that fit properly balanced diet, tailored to the health of. Although not yet demonstrated the connection between the wrong nutrition, and symptoms, however, correctly selected meals have a real impact on the intestine. Among the recommended products:

  • vegetables,
  • fruit,
  • groats.

These ingredients are high in fiber, which reduces spasms and fills the intestine, helping to retain water. This makes the stool becomes softer.

In turn, foods that should be categorically excluded from the diet, are:

  • cabbage,
  • broad beans,
  • peas,
  • beans,
  • beer,
  • Apple juice,
  • grape juice,
  • bananas,
  • nuts,
  • Raisin.

All these products contribute to the formation of flatulence.

Because the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic condition, you may dezorganizować the life of the sick. Currently it is not possible to cure, but it is likely to minimize any symptoms.

Inflammation of the small intestine

It measures about 5-6 m and is the longest part of the gastrointestinal tract, along with the duodenum, intestine, sterile nor transitory affection and ileum. Its function is to distribute nutrients for such components that can be absorbed by the body.

1. The specifics of the disease

Inflammation of the small intestine most often accompanied by diarrhea, high fever, vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Often is caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites that get into the body through poisoned food or contact with a carrier. Among these causes of developing most often mentioned:

  • norowirusy,
  • rotaviruses,
  • astrowirusy,
  • bacteria: Salmonella, Campylobacter, Shigellę.

Who can get inflammation of the small intestine? The greatest risk occurs in people who suffer not impair immune function, dysfunction of the stomach, accompanied by less secretion of hydrochloric acid-a natural barrier. That's why wash fruits and vegetables before consumption, as well as watch out for raw eggs, mayonnaise or uncooked poultry. Before the small intestine also prevents proper hygiene, because the condition is often called "a disease of dirty hands".

The doctors is also famous for celiac disease, which is common inflammation of the intestine, commonly called an allergy to gluten. Patients complain of vomiting, nausea, chronic diarrhea or flatulence caused by the ingestion of wheat products and cereals. The need for more frequent bowel movements can lead to malnutrition and anaemia. Hence the weakness, pallor, dizziness. However, this disease affects not only on the digestive system. You may also call the sore skin, muscle weakness or deficiency of growth in children.

In turn to non-specific inflammation of the small intestine to be Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

2. Treatment of inflammation of the colon and small intestine

First performs a general blood test and test for the presence of microbes in the body (feces). On the basis thereof is assessed for the presence of exponents of the infection and the degree of dehydration. It is possible to order additional tests:

  • Abdominal ultrasound,
  • X-RAY of the abdomen,
  • gastroskopię,
  • Colonoscopy
  • CT scan.

In the treatment of inflammation of the colon and small intestine is an indication of the original cause. If the reason is an infection – you must irrigate patient boiled water, PITA frequently and in small SIPs, or in severe cases – drip. If the infection is bacterial, it will be necessary to introduce an antibiotic. Effects of celiac disease minimizes to proper diet, including: rice, potatoes, meat, vegetables and fruit, as well as special gluten-free products. Treatment of inflammation of the colon and small intestine shall be determined individually, depending on the intensity of symptoms.

Ulcerative colitis

1. The specifics of the disease

Ulcerative colitis is a disease with a group of non-specific inflammation of the intestines, which includes podśluzową and mucosa of the colon. Usually it is persistent, and the first symptoms appear between the ages of 15-25 years or 55-65 years. The causes of the disease are not known, but a higher rate of morbidity is observed in people whose relatives were sickened on ulcerative colitis.

Among the symptoms most often appears bloody diarrhea, fecal incontinence, cramps, abdominal pain, fever, weakness and weight loss. In most cases the disease but gently. Only 1/5 of patients complain of acute symptoms, including the donation of more than 6 stools with blood on the day, weakness, an increase in the frequency of heart rhythm, weaker peristalsis, anemia and annoying flatulence.

2. Treatment of ulcerative colitis

If you at home and symptoms, be sure to contact your doctor. This will test the feces towards the presence of leukocytes, will perform the seeding and breeding in the direction of bacteria: Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia. A definitive diagnosis is possible on the basis of the endoscopy of the colon, which gets the cuttings for Histopathological examination.

Form of the disease and its consequences:

  • the form of mild-erosion, drawing the lining of the vascular obliteration, its granulation, fragility and inflammatory exudate,
  • the form of severe-deep ulcers, the exposed Mucosa, epithelium,
  • chronic form-smooth folds of mucous membrane, inflammatory pseudopolipy.

In the treatment, depending on the severity of the disease and focus its symptoms, use:

  • preparations of 5-aminosalicylowego,
  • oral glucocorticoids,
  • immunosuppressants,
  • ciclosporin,
  • Tacrolimus
  • surgical treatment.

Because the disease is chronic, the most important is the treatment of ulcerative colitis aimed at preventing its recurrence, and relief of symptoms, so that proceeded without exacerbations. If left untreated, can lead to colon cancer, because it is strictly prohibited to let me withdraw drugs-even after symptoms have disappeared. You can also use an appropriate diet, rich in balanced meals. Although there is no information about the immediate impact of improper diet on the increase, but it may help in relieving the painful symptoms of the disease.

Let us remember that in any case the most important is the appropriate diagnosis, and treatment of inflammation of the colon and small bowel, ulcerative colitis and irritable bowel syndrome.