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Treatment of chronic constipation

How to recognize a constipation? Well, this term specifies a too low frequency of bowel movements, occurring less frequently than twice a week. This is due to the longer-than-usual stand intestinal contents in the large intestine or the difficulties of elimination of faecal masses from the rectum.

Because the intestinal content is in arrears in the large intestine, is density caused by excessive absorption of water. As a result, the stool volume decreases and becomes more dense.

  It is more common in women than in men, and especially for the elderly or with limited mobility.

Types of constipation

Constipation can be divided into three types:

  • Accidental constipation

Shall be so constipation due to different situations in life, for example. to travel, change of diet.

  • Constipation of short duration

Occur periodically, usually carrying. Usually alternate with phases of normal defecation. In such cases, unless you manage to eliminate it, it is necessary to submit to the examination of the gastrointestinal tract, which will determine the cause of the constipation.

  • Chronic constipation

Also known as recurrent or atonicznymi.

Another division of points to three different categories. These are:

  • Habitual constipation

Their cause is usually in the psyche of the patient, his irregular lifestyle, hurry or reluctance to use the toilet.

  • Functional constipation

Calls them bowel disorder. The reason lies in the inadequate diet or regular medicines (e.g.. strong pain killers)

  • Constipation associated diseases

The most frequently mentioned diseases that cause constipation include: gastrointestinal disease, neurological disorders causing the anomaly of gastrointestinal tract, an underactive thyroid, muscle disease, or metabolism.

Causes of constipation

The formation of constipation may be associated with changes in functional and organic.

In the case of defecation, functional changes arise usually from visceral sensation disorders, spinal cord diseases or past injuries. They can also be the result of inadequate habits. In turn, when it comes to the large bowel, constipation occur due to increased contractile activity (eg. drug-induced, in the intoxicating effects of metals, etc.) or impaired contractile activity (eg. hormonal disorders, medications).

If, on the other hand, it comes to change, in defecation is mentioned most often disease Hirschprung ' and or inflammatory changes the anal sphincter. Constipation can be caused by tumors of the colon, abdomen or pelvis.

Among the other causes of constipation most often mentioned:

  • congenital colorectal extensions

  • elongation of the colon with renal impairment in unerwieniu

  • neurological diseases

  • intestinal tumors

  • functional disorders

  • causes of situational

 

In some cases, consultation with a physician is essential. It is recommended, if the sick:

  • He noted the General effects in the form of a loss of 10% of body weight within half a year, feels weak

  • He noticed the accompanying symptoms of anemia (dizziness, weakness, pale skin, blood in your stools, etc..)

  • He noted symptoms diseases endocrine and neurological as zmorzenie sweating, sleepiness, weight gain, loss of appetite, etc..

  • has a family history of colon cancer people with

  • He graduated from 45. year of life

In these cases, your doctor may recommend:

  • a laboratory study of markers of cancer, morphology etc. ..

  • x-rays with contrast

  • an endoscopic examination (rectoscopy, colonoscopy, gastroscopy)

  • an ultrasound of the abdomen

  • Computed tomography with contrast administration

This makes it possible to identify the causes of constipation, and apply the correct methods of treatment. Often just a simple change of eating habits and physical activity. However, in some cases, it may be the only valid pharmacology or psychology.

Let me avoid constipation

In order to avoid constipation, you'll need to change lifestyle. Starting from the diet, it is necessary to introduce products that contain lots of fiber and coarse grains, for example. wholemeal bread, buckwheat, salads, linseed. Shortly after waking up it is worth drinking a glass of lukewarm water, kefir, sour milk, stewed prunes, cabbage juice or other natural solutions that promote bowel movements.

The restoration of the regular reflex defecation occurs by daily stool at the same time every day. Gradually eliminujmy well as laxatives, if far from such we used.

Short guide

Please note that the complete elimination of the problem of constipation, largely depends on you. Print short guide and put it on the fridge or in your calendar. Follow the following advice every day and forget about the problem of constipation!

  1. Adjust the time bowel movements by setting a specific time of day.

  2. Enter whole wheat diet products, rich in fiber. Avoid chocolate, cocoa, sweets, eggs and white rice.

  3. Drink a day from 1.5 to 2 liters of fluids.

  4. Eat 4-5 small meals a day, remembering at fixed times.

  5. Get moving! Every day, don't forget physical activity.

  

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